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Cartilage Regeneration Stem Cell Treatment in Europe

Hospitals and medical centers in Europe performing Cartilage Regeneration Stem Cell Treatment.

Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Quirón has an internationally prestigious medical staff, the largest in the sector, and is also the principal hospital network in terms of patient numbers and care facility area. The group administers 38 healthcare centers, more than 2,864 hospital beds and 7,500 associate doctors.


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Hospital Ruber Internacional

The Ruber International Hospital is designed as a "whole hospital". thus achieving maximum efficiency in the organization and development of the various medical, welfare, educational and research activities.


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at Hospital Ruber Internacional

Medipol Mega University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Medipol Mega Hospital Complex is a modern medical facility with four specialist hospitals and an extensive selection of high caliber medical devices available for use. The hospital provides treatments in a wide variety of medical fields in its 470 bed facility.


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at Medipol Mega University Hospital

Swiss Medica XXI Century S.A.

Swiss Medica XXI Century S.A. is a leader in healthcare, providing effective and safe stem cell therapy procedures across Europe.


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at SWISS MEDICA XXI Century

Liv Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Liv Hospital is the only institution in Turkey co-authorized Center of Excellence Accreditation in colorectal surgery, robotic surgery and bariatric surgery by the Surgical Review Corporation (SRC) and provides advanced technology and treatments to its international patients with its 159 bed capacit


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at Liv Hospital

Hospital Quirón Valencia

Quirón Hospital of Valencia is ranked as one of the best private schools in Spain, winning nine times in the TOP 20 award in recognition of its management and quality of care.


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at Hospital Quirón Valencia

Sanitas Hospitales

Sanitas is a hospital group in Spain with two major facilities in Madrid that accommodates all medical specialties.


Cartilage Regeneration is treated at Sanitas

Stem cell clinics in Europe (Page 1 of 1)

About Cartilage Regeneration Stem Cell Treatment

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.

What is cartilage?

Cartilage is a smooth elastic yet resilient tissue. It provides a rubber-like padding which protects the end of joints. It is a structural component of the ear, ribcage, nose, invertebral discs, bronchial tubes and much more. Cartilage is stiffer than a muscle, but not as rigid as a bone.

Cartilage is made up of chondrocytes, which are specialized cells that produce abundant ground substance and collagenous extracellular matrix. Cartilage is avascular and aneural; it does not contain nerves or blood vessels. Cartilage does not repair.

Functions of cartilage

Cartilage has the main function of holding tubes in the body open. Examples include the:

  • Ala of the nostrils
  • Rings of the trachea
  • Torus tuberous
  • Cricoids cartilage
  • Pinna of the ear

Types of cartilage

There are three types of cartilage which are differentiated by the relative amounts of proteoglycan and collagen present. They include:

  • Elastic cartilage
  • Hyaline cartilage
  • Fibrocartilage

What is cartilage damage?

Cartilage lacks its own blood supply and because of that, it is extremely hard to duplicate or restore once damaged. Cartilage regeneration is usually done for joints that have healthy but damaged cartilage. Cartilage damage is usually caused by:

  • Congenital abnormalities such as misalignment
  • Trauma
  • Injuries such as sports injuries
  • Hormonal or idiopathic disorders which affect joint and bone development
  • Repetitive use of the joint
  • If cartilage is worn or damaged, it causes the joint to become stiff and painful. It also reduces the range of movement. In cases where the cartilage is completely worn away, the affected joints are left without a cushion and rub against each other.
  • Due to stress on the ends of bones, bone spurs or osteophytes may also form at the joint margins. This results in poor function, loss of movement and significant pain.
  • Cartilage damage can begin as a ‘pothole’ or cartilage lesion. If left untreated, it enlarges with time until all surrounding cartilage is worn away.
  • Because cartilage has a very small ability to repair itself, untreated lesions even when small can lead to osteoarthritis.

Can stem cells be used to regenerate cartilage?

Stem cells are cells produce in the bone marrow which has the ability to differentiate into different cells and help in regeneration of tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells can naturally differentiate into fibrous tissue, bone, and cartilage.

The most common stem cells used today are bone marrow and fat. Presently there is evidence that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can regenerate cartilage better than fat mesenchymal stem cells.

Modern procedures for cartilage regeneration use stem cells and techniques that are specially designed to heal the cartilage defect.

Advantages of using stem cells for cartilage regeneration

  • Inflammation is controlled
  • Helpful growth factors are released which help in repair
  • Damaged or dying cell are recharged
  • Stem cells help other cells produce proteins which help initiate repair

Complications of cartilage damage

  • Further deterioration of the joint and osteoarthritis if articular cartilage is affected
  • Breathing problems if the airway cartilage is damaged
  • Cosmetic problems if cartilage of the nose or ear is affected

Learn more about Cartilage Regeneration

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