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Thyroid Disease Treatment in Europe

Hospitals and medical centers in Europe performing Thyroid Disease Treatment.

Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Quirón has an internationally prestigious medical staff, the largest in the sector, and is also the principal hospital network in terms of patient numbers and care facility area. The group administers 38 healthcare centers, more than 2,864 hospital beds and 7,500 associate doctors.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

British Hospital Lisbon XXI

An ISO certified private hospital with in and out patient facilities providing medical services that include urology, neurosurgery, cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, ophthalmology, ob-gyn, neurology, general surgery, bariatrics, neurology, gastroenterology and more.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Hospital Ruber Internacional

The Ruber International Hospital is designed as a "whole hospital". thus achieving maximum efficiency in the organization and development of the various medical, welfare, educational and research activities.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Hygeia Hospital

HYGEIA Hospital is the first large private hospital to operate in Greece and has been a leading healthcare provider for the last 35 years. It is the first and only hospital in Greece to be accredited by the JCI.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

HM Hospitales

HM Hospitales is a hospital group with six private hospitals in Madrid: three general hospitals, a cardiovascular hospital, an oncological center and a women's health hospital.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Vithas Xanit International Hospital

Xanit Hospital Internacional is a modern private hospital located in the suburbs of Malaga, Spain. The hospital is modern (opened in 2005), and the staff include over 200 specialists in all medical specialties.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Medipol Mega University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Medipol Mega Hospital Complex is a modern medical facility with four specialist hospitals and an extensive selection of high caliber medical devices available for use. The hospital provides treatments in a wide variety of medical fields in its 470 bed facility.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

SARAFIANOS Private Clinic

SARAFIANOS is an ISO 9001 certified private clinic in Thessaloniki, Greece. Known for its long tradition of high quality health services since 1957, high sense of professionalism, respect for the patient, quality, thoroughness and consistency in the services provided

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Nisa Pardo de Aravaca Hospital

A modern (opened in 2007), general, private hospital located in Madrid, part of the NISA group of hospitals. The international patients department can assist patients with accomodation and trasportation, and can communicate in English as well as in Spanish.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Heidelberg University Hospital

Heidelberg University Hospital is one of Europe`s leading medical centers. World-renowned experts provide comprehensive care of the highest international standards in all medical specialties.

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Thyroid Disease Treatment

upon request

Endocrinology centers in Europe (Page 1 of 2)

About Thyroid Disease Treatment

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.


What is the thyroid?

It is a small butterfly-shaped gland which rests in the middle of the lower neck. Its main function is to control the metabolism of the body by producing hormones T3 and T4 which tell the body’s cells how much energy is needed.


What is thyroid disease?

Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid produces either too much or too little of the thyroid hormones. A properly functioning thyroid maintains the right amount of hormones required to keep the body’s metabolism functioning normally. The thyroid replaces the hormones as they are used. The thyroid hormones are monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland which is located in the center of the skull below the brain. When the pituitary gland senses a change in thyroid hormone levels, it adjusts its own hormone (TSH) and sends s it to the thyroid to signal it what to do.


Types of thyroid disease
  • Hyperthyroidism: This is a medical condition which occurs when the patient has an overactive thyroid causing the thyroid gland to produce too much of thyroxine. When the thyroid produces too many hormones, it results in the body using energy faster than it should.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a common disorder in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. It is also known as underactive thyroid or low thyroid. It results in the body using energy slower than it should.

What causes thyroid disease?

There are several different causes of thyroid disease. The conditions that causes hypothyroidism include thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, iodine deficiency and a non-functioning thyroid gland. The conditions which causes hyperthyroidism include thyroiditis, Graves’ disease/diffuse toxic goiter (enlarged thyroid gland), overactive nodules within the thyroid, and excessive iodine.


Treatments for Hyperthyroidism
  • Antithyroid drugs: These are drugs prescribed to slow down the production of thyroid hormones. They are also called thyrostatics. Once thyrostatics are administered, it can take a couple of days to become effective. Additionally, the dose needs to be carefully titrated over a period of months, with regular doctor visits as well as blood tests to monitor results so as to prevent hypothyroidism.
  • Beta-blockers: A patient suffer from hyperthyroidism may also obtain immediate temporary relief before permanent treatment can take place. Beta-blockers only relieve the symptoms and do not treat hyperthyroidism or any of its long-term effects if left untreated.
  • Diet: People with autoimmune hyperthyroidism are advised to make dietary changes and increase the intake of foods high in iodine. It is advisable to use iodized salt.
  • Surgery: Surgery can be performed to remove a part or the whole thyroid a procedure called thyroidectomy. However, this is not extensively used because most common forms of hyperthyroidism are successfully treated by other methods.
  • Radioiodine: Radioactive iodine treatment can be used to destroy the thyroid tissue. At first, symptoms of hyperthyroidism may worsen following the treatment, since the thyroid hormones are released into the blood via the radioactive iodine treatment. However, medications such as beta blockers may be used during this period of time and a good number of patients are able to tolerate the initial few weeks without any problems.

Treating Hypothyroidism
  • Hormone replacement: This is the most common way of treating hypothyroidism and entails administering a synthetic long-acting form of thyroxine.
  • Desiccated animal thyroid: This is an animal based thyroid gland extract which contains forms of T4, T2, calcitonin, T3, and T1. However, its use today is unsupported by evidence.
  • Intensive care admission: Severe decompensated hypothyroidism or Myxedema coma usually require admission to the intensive care unit. In severe cases, mechanical ventilation may be used as well as vasopressor agents, careful rewarming, fluid replacement, and corticosteroids.

Treating Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is usually treated by surgical removal of the cancerous tissue. The whole thyroid gland may also be removed in a procedure called thyroidectomy. If cancer has spread beyond the thyroid affected tissue is also removed.

Learn more about Thyroid Disease Treatment

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