About Pediatric Dermatology
This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.
What is pediatric dermatology?
This is a subspecialty of medicine that deals with skin condition affecting children.Who is a pediatric dermatologist?
This is a medical doctor who has specialized in diagnosing, treating and managing skin diseases and conditions in infants, children, and adolescents. They understand that children’s skin is unlike adult skin and use their expertise to provide the best care for your child.Common conditions
Types of warts
- Molluscum contagiosum: This is a benign viral infection of the skin caused by a human-specific poxvirus. Infection is through contact with an affected person or after autoinoculation. The condition presents as multiple dome-shaped papules with a central depression which appear on the trunk areas. Molluscum contagiosum is common to children who are immunosuppressed or who bathe or swim together. Because the condition is usually benign and usually resolves by itself, treatment is usually not necessary
- Viral warts: These are benign skin proliferations caused by a virus known as the human papillomavirus. Viral warts increase and peak in adolescence but thereafter decline. Viral warts usually appear on the hands and feet. Viral warts spontaneously resolve in healthy children. Resolution sometimes occurs after the appearance of blackened capillary loops.
- Most warts spontaneously resolve within two years. However, some may persist and become enlarged and painful. Treatments such as topical salicylic acid, cryotherapy, intralesional bleomycin, topical immunotherapy, pulsed dye laser and photodynamic therapy are available but should only be used for resistant and painful cases.
- Common warts: They begin as smooth flesh-colored papules which become bigger and develop a surface of thickened keratin. They can occur at injury sites.
- Plantar warts (verrucae): They occur on the soles of feet and slightly protrude. They can be painful and they are often surrounded by a collar of keratin.
- Mosaic warts: They occur as a collection of small, densely packed individual warts and are often resistant to treatment.
- Plane warts: They are flat topped papules which are scattered over the arms, legs and face.
This condition occurs as golden crusted lesions which are highly contagious. It rapidly spreads through direct contact. Impetigo occurs as a primary infection or due to another condition such as scabies or atopic dermatitis. It is common in children living in tropical climates or those with atopic dermatitis. Poor hygiene and overcrowding also increase the chances of infection. Topical antiseptics and topical and systemic antibiotics may be prescribed by your doctor. Oral antibiotics may be used in severe cases.Tinea capitis (scalp ringworm)
This is a highly contagious scalp infection caused by a fungus. It occurs predominantly in children and is common in the poorest countries. Microsporum Canis is the commonest cause of tinea capitis. Practices such as sharing items used on the scalp increase its spread.Variations of tinea capitis
- Grey type: characterized by circular patches with marked scaling.
- Moth-eaten: characterized by patchy alopecia that is generally scaly.
- Kerion: characterized by boggy tumor with pustules
- Black dot: patchy alopecia with broken hair stubs
- Diffuse scale: characterized by dandruff-like appearance with widespread scaling
- Pustular type: characterized by alopecia with scattered pustules.
Learn more about Pediatric Dermatology