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Cornea and External Diseases in Spain

Hospitals, clinics and medical centers in Spain performing Cornea and External Diseases.
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Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular (IMO Barcelona)

The Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular (IMO – Institute of Ocular Microsurgery in English) is a leading international ophthalmology centre. Their hallmark is medical excellence and our objective is to provide the best service to the patient.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular (IMO Barcelona)

32 listed ophthalmologists:

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Dr. Borja Corcóstegui

Co-founder and medical director of IMO

Dr. Isabel Nieto

Complex Cataract Specialist

Institut Comtal d'Oftalmologia (ICO)

Innova Ocular ICO Barcelona is one of the most important ophthalmology and ocular microsurgery institutes in central Barcelona, and an industry leader at both the national and international level.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Institut Comtal d'Oftalmologia (ICO)

10 listed ophthalmologists:

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Dr. David Andreu

General Manager

Dr. Manuel Romera

Director of the Oculopastic and Orbital Unit and the Neuro-Ophtalmology Unit / Specialist, Ocular Trauma Unit

Sanitas Hospitales

The goal is to preserve and restore vision through excellence in provision of eye care services, medical education, and clinical research. The physicians have earned national and international recognition as clinicians and educators.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Sanitas

Institut Omiq Oftalmologia Medica

Institut Omiq Oftalmologia Medica's Medical and Surgical activity is developed in all areas and specialities in Ophthalmology. They provide the most modern, latest and complete diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Institut Omiq Oftalmologia Medica

18 listed ophthalmologists:

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Dr. Mercè Guarro MD

OMIQ Medical Director

Dr. Laura Sararols MD

Head of the Vitreo-Retinal Unit

Vithas Xanit International Hospital

We use our eyes to see life and so Vithas Xanit International Hospital has developed a highly influential Ophthalmology Department in this area. Our strong vision care programme has made us the first private hospital in the province to have a surgery for evaluating and treatment of poor vision.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Vithas Xanit International Hospital

Listed ophthalmologist:

Dr. Angel Cilveti

Head of The Ophthalmology Department

HM Hospitales

HM Hospitales is a hospital group with six private hospitals in Madrid: three general hospitals, a cardiovascular hospital, an oncological center and a women's health hospital.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at HM Hospitales

Hospital Universitario HM Montepríncipe

The ophthalmology department specializes particularly in retinal and vitreous disease and actively performs advanced, high-quality treatment for diseases such as age- related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal detachment.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Hospital Universitario HM Montepríncipe

Hospital Universitario HM Sanchinarro

The Ophthalmology is the medical-surgical specialty that relates to the diagnosis and treatment of defects and diseases vision apparatus.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Hospital Universitario HM Sanchinarro

Clinica La Luz

The ophthalmology of the Hospital La Luz, in line with the requirement of the specialty, is composed of a group of physicians, superspecialized by sections.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Clinica La Luz

Hospitales San Roque

The Department of Ophthalmology at Hospitales San Roque leads the way in treating the most serious and complicated eye conditions and diseases.


Cornea and External Diseases is available at Hospitales San Roque

Ophthalmology centers in Spain (Page 1 of 3)

About Cornea and External Diseases

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.

Cornea and external diseases

Corneal and External diseases involve the cornea, anterior chamber of the eye, eyelids, lens, conjunctiva and iris, which include cataracts; infections, irregularities and corneal allergies; refractive errors (astigmatism, nearsightedness and farsightedness); conjunctivitis (pink eye); tear disorders; dry eye; endophthalmitis; keratoconus; ptergium; Fuch's Dystrophy and many more.

What is the cornea?

The cornea is the outermost, transparent, dome-shaped layer, which covers the pupil and iris in the front of the eye. The corneal tissue has five basic layers: endothelium, stroma, epithelium, Descemet's membrane and Bowman's layer. Though the cornea is clear, it has a highly structured group of proteins and cells. Contrary to most tissues in the body, the cornea has no blood vessels to protect or nourish against infection. Rather, the cornea gets its nutrients from the aqueous humor and tears, which fill the chamber behind it.

The cornea, one of the defensive layers of the eye, serves two purposes:
  • First, together with the tear film, sclera (white section of the eye), eyelid, and the eye socket, the cornea protects the eye from germs, dirt, along with other hazardous matter.
  • Second, as the outermost lens of the eye, it is the point of entry for light into the eye. When light hits the cornea, it refracts or bends the incoming light onto the lens. The lens additionally refocuses the light onto the retina, a light-sensing layer of cells of light-sensing lining the back of the eye.

To see well, the lens and cornea have to focus the light rays accurately on the retina. This refractive procedure resembles the way a camera captures an image. The lens and cornea in the eye function as would the lens of a camera. The retina estimates the film. If the cornea fails to focus the light correctly, then the retina gets a blurry image.

What irregularities and injuries affect the cornea?

Some trauma, which includes blunt trauma, projectile foreign bodies, and lacerations, may result in scarring, which clouds the cornea. Hereditary problems, which include dystrophies and degenerations, might as well cloud the cornea. The commonest hereditary ailment seen in young people is keratoconus, an ailment where the cornea assumes a cone shape. This is popular in kids with Down’s syndrome as well as in people with allergic conjunctivitis. These patients might be able to use glasses or contact lenses for some time; however, might ultimately develop high astigmatism and scarring, which can't be rectified without corneal transplantation.

Sometimes, it might be essential to carry out a corneal transplant following cataract operation, if bullous keratopathy takes place. Bullous keratopathy is a disorder where the endothelial cells on the back of the cornea decline in number after a cataract operation. But this is less popular nowadays due to improved lens designs and new techniques.

How can the cornea be damaged?

The surface of the eye may be seriously damaged by several problems, which include:

  • Thermal and chemical injuries
  • Pathological illnesses like pemphigoid and Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  • Inflammations and chronic infections
  • New tissue growths like tumors and ptergium (believed to be linked to sun damage)
  • Neurotrophic problems (because of damage to the eye’s sensory nerves)
  • Uncommon hereditary situations like aniridia (congenital lack of the iris)

These problems may lead to extensive damage on the eye surface, resulting in scarring and new blood vessel formation; damage that leads to loss of vision.

Bascom Palmer scientists are assessing the potential of common tears for modulating promoting and modulating the healing of these conditions. A complete understanding of the correct role of tears in the healing process must result in strategies, which would quicken visual recovery and boost the percentage of patients totally pleased after the operation.

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