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Retinoblastoma Treatments in Spain

Hospitals and medical centers in Spain which treat Retinoblastoma patients.
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HM Hospitales

HM Hospitales is a hospital group with six private hospitals in Madrid: three general hospitals, a cardiovascular hospital, an oncological center and a women's health hospital.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at HM Hospitales

Hospital Clínic Costa Brava

Hospital Clínic Costa Brava is a modern medical facility with over 250 medical specialists, offering medical, surgical, aesthetic, cosmetic and rehabilitation treatments in the relaxing tourism town of Palamos, Costa Brava.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Hospital Clínic Costa Brava

Hospital General de Catalunya

idcsalud Hospital General de Catalunya provides medical services in over 25 specialties, being one of the most technologically advanced hospitals in Europe, with an excellent medical care capacity to carry out complex surgeries and medical conditions.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at HGC

Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Chiron Hospital Group, a specialist in high complexity medicine and pioneered the introduction of new technologies in all fields of medicine, offers Ophthalmology Units formed by professionals of great prestige.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Hospital Ruber Internacional

The Ruber International Hospital is designed as a "whole hospital". thus achieving maximum efficiency in the organization and development of the various medical, welfare, educational and research activities.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Hospital Ruber Internacional

Clinica La Luz

The largest private hospital in Madrid, with over one hundred physicians providing tertiary medical services in over thirty medical specialties. The hospital is equipped to deal with the most complex of conditions, including oncology, neurosurgery and cardiac surgery.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Clinica La Luz

Hospital Quirón Valencia

Quirón Hospital of Valencia is ranked as one of the best private schools in Spain, winning nine times in the TOP 20 award in recognition of its management and quality of care.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Hospital Quirón Valencia

Ophthalmology centers in Spain (Page 1 of 1)

About Retinoblastoma Treatment

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.


What Is Retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma is a cancerous tumor of the retina, the thin slim nerve tissue, which lines the back of the eye that forms images and senses light. It might be matched against the film in a camera, which identifies images and sends them to the brain for interpretation. Retinoblastoma is often limited to the eye; however, if untreated, can result in metastasis or spreading to other body parts.


Stages of Retinoblastoma

To schedule treatment for retinoblastoma, your child's doctor must know the tumor's precise size and location to establish the stage of illness.

  • Intraocular retinoblastoma - Cancer is discovered in one or in both eyes but doesn’t extend beyond the eye into the tissues around the eye or even to other body parts.
  • Extraocular retinoblastoma - Cancer has spread beyond the eye, often through the optic nerve. It might be limited to the tissues around the eye, or it might have extended to other parts of the body.
  • Trilateral retinoblastoma - In a few patients with bilateral retinoblastoma, a similar tumor grows in the pineal gland at the base of the brain. The existence of these tumors may lead to other neurological symptoms and need neuroimaging of the brain for prognosis.
  • Recurrent retinoblastoma - Recurrent illness signifies that cancer has returned or advanced after it has been treated. It might reappear in the eye or anywhere else in the body.

Symptoms
  • Leukocoria (white pupil or cat's eye reflex).
  • Misaligned eyes (strabismus)
  • Blurred vision

Causes

Retinoblastoma might be nonhereditary or hereditary. The hereditary type might be in one or both eyes. Most retinoblastoma happening in only one eye isn't hereditary; when the illness takes place in both eyes it’s always hereditary. But, while less popular, retinoblastoma might happen in only one eye and might still be hereditary and passed on to kids.

Tests and Diagnosis

Your child's diagnosis and selection of treatment rely on the scope and location of the illness within and outside of the eye. As soon as retinoblastoma is discovered, additional exams will be carried out to ascertain the size of the tumor and if it has spread to surrounding tissue or even to other body parts.


Treatment and Drugs
    The treatment plan considers both cures of cancer and preservation of vision or the affected eye, and consists of the following:
  • Enucleation — operation to take out the eye
  • Cryotherapy — making use of extreme cold to destroy cancer cells
  • Photocoagulation — making use of laser light to destroy blood vessels, which feed the tumor or to heat the tumors in order that chemotherapeutic drugs will be more effective.
  • External or internal beam irradiation therapy —making use of high-energy radiation from x-rays and other methods to shrink tumors and destroy cancer cells. Radiation might come from a machine outside the body (external-beam radiation therapy) or might be given by placing radioactive material into or close to the tumor (internal brachytherapy or internal plaque radiation therapy).
  • Chemotherapy —making use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. One type of chemotherapy, known as chemoreduction, is used to shrink the tumors size in order that even if not curative; the reduced tumors will be much more amenable to other treatment modalities. Chemotherapy might be given systemically (through a vein, by mouth, or with injections). In kids with retinoblastoma, chemotherapy drugs can also be injected:
    • Directly into the fluid, which surrounds the spinal cord and brain (intrathecal chemotherapy).
    • Directly into the artery, which feeds the eye (intra-arterial) for local treatment, which has lesser systemic side effects.

Risks : If your little one has retinoblastoma, especially the hereditary kind, there is a greater chance that in later years he or she might develop second cancer. These cancers are often not connected to the eye, and might affect any organ body organ, but especially the skin, bone, or soft tissue.

Learn more about Retinoblastoma

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