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Retinoblastoma Treatments in Europe

Hospitals and medical centers in Europe which treat Retinoblastoma patients.

Hygeia Hospital

HYGEIA Hospital is the first large private hospital to operate in Greece and has been a leading healthcare provider for the last 35 years. It is the first and only hospital in Greece to be accredited by the JCI.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Hygeia Hospital

Hospital Ruber Internacional

The Ruber International Hospital is designed as a "whole hospital". thus achieving maximum efficiency in the organization and development of the various medical, welfare, educational and research activities.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Hospital Ruber Internacional

British Hospital Lisbon XXI

An ISO certified private hospital with in and out patient facilities providing medical services that include urology, neurosurgery, cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, ophthalmology, ob-gyn, neurology, general surgery, bariatrics, neurology, gastroenterology and more.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at British Hospital Lisbon XXI

Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Chiron Hospital Group, a specialist in high complexity medicine and pioneered the introduction of new technologies in all fields of medicine, offers Ophthalmology Units formed by professionals of great prestige.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Medipol Mega University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Medipol Mega Hospital Complex is a modern medical facility with four specialist hospitals and an extensive selection of high caliber medical devices available for use. The hospital provides treatments in a wide variety of medical fields in its 470 bed facility.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Medipol Mega University Hospital

9 listed ophthalmologists:

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HM Hospitales

HM Hospitales is a hospital group with six private hospitals in Madrid: three general hospitals, a cardiovascular hospital, an oncological center and a women's health hospital.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at HM Hospitales

Hospital Clínic Costa Brava

Hospital Clínic Costa Brava is a modern medical facility with over 250 medical specialists, offering medical, surgical, aesthetic, cosmetic and rehabilitation treatments in the relaxing tourism town of Palamos, Costa Brava.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Hospital Clínic Costa Brava

Heidelberg University Hospital

Heidelberg University Hospital is one of Europe`s leading medical centers. World-renowned experts provide comprehensive care of the highest international standards in all medical specialties.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Heidelberg University Hospital

Listed ophthalmologists:

Prof. Gerd U. Auffarth

Chairman of the Department of Ophthalmology

Prof. Mike P. Holzer

Director of Refractive Surgery

Klinikum Stuttgart

One of Germany's largest hospitals, made up of more than 50 clinics and specialist institutes spanning all medical specialties. Kinikum Stuttgart is regarded as one of the best hospitals in Germany, and is a referral center for oncology, ENT, pediatrics and more.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Klinikum Stuttgart

5 listed ophthalmologists:

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Prof. Egon Georg Weidle

Medical Director of the Opthalmology Clinic

Dr. Eckart Apfelstedt-sylla

Squint Treatment, Eyelid and Lacrimal Surgery, Neuro-ophthalmology, Electrophysiology

Yunus Emre Hospital

A private hospital in the center of Istanbul with 45 physicians from 16 medical specialties. Yunus Emre Hospital's medical tourism department is fully equipped to handle foreign patients, providing all necessary services.

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Retinoblastoma is treated at Yunus Emre Hospital

Ophthalmology centers in Europe (Page 1 of 2)

About Retinoblastoma Treatment

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.


What Is Retinoblastoma?

Retinoblastoma is a cancerous tumor of the retina, the thin slim nerve tissue, which lines the back of the eye that forms images and senses light. It might be matched against the film in a camera, which identifies images and sends them to the brain for interpretation. Retinoblastoma is often limited to the eye; however, if untreated, can result in metastasis or spreading to other body parts.


Stages of Retinoblastoma

To schedule treatment for retinoblastoma, your child's doctor must know the tumor's precise size and location to establish the stage of illness.

  • Intraocular retinoblastoma - Cancer is discovered in one or in both eyes but doesn’t extend beyond the eye into the tissues around the eye or even to other body parts.
  • Extraocular retinoblastoma - Cancer has spread beyond the eye, often through the optic nerve. It might be limited to the tissues around the eye, or it might have extended to other parts of the body.
  • Trilateral retinoblastoma - In a few patients with bilateral retinoblastoma, a similar tumor grows in the pineal gland at the base of the brain. The existence of these tumors may lead to other neurological symptoms and need neuroimaging of the brain for prognosis.
  • Recurrent retinoblastoma - Recurrent illness signifies that cancer has returned or advanced after it has been treated. It might reappear in the eye or anywhere else in the body.

Symptoms
  • Leukocoria (white pupil or cat's eye reflex).
  • Misaligned eyes (strabismus)
  • Blurred vision

Causes

Retinoblastoma might be nonhereditary or hereditary. The hereditary type might be in one or both eyes. Most retinoblastoma happening in only one eye isn't hereditary; when the illness takes place in both eyes it’s always hereditary. But, while less popular, retinoblastoma might happen in only one eye and might still be hereditary and passed on to kids.

Tests and Diagnosis

Your child's diagnosis and selection of treatment rely on the scope and location of the illness within and outside of the eye. As soon as retinoblastoma is discovered, additional exams will be carried out to ascertain the size of the tumor and if it has spread to surrounding tissue or even to other body parts.


Treatment and Drugs
    The treatment plan considers both cures of cancer and preservation of vision or the affected eye, and consists of the following:
  • Enucleation — operation to take out the eye
  • Cryotherapy — making use of extreme cold to destroy cancer cells
  • Photocoagulation — making use of laser light to destroy blood vessels, which feed the tumor or to heat the tumors in order that chemotherapeutic drugs will be more effective.
  • External or internal beam irradiation therapy —making use of high-energy radiation from x-rays and other methods to shrink tumors and destroy cancer cells. Radiation might come from a machine outside the body (external-beam radiation therapy) or might be given by placing radioactive material into or close to the tumor (internal brachytherapy or internal plaque radiation therapy).
  • Chemotherapy —making use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. One type of chemotherapy, known as chemoreduction, is used to shrink the tumors size in order that even if not curative; the reduced tumors will be much more amenable to other treatment modalities. Chemotherapy might be given systemically (through a vein, by mouth, or with injections). In kids with retinoblastoma, chemotherapy drugs can also be injected:
    • Directly into the fluid, which surrounds the spinal cord and brain (intrathecal chemotherapy).
    • Directly into the artery, which feeds the eye (intra-arterial) for local treatment, which has lesser systemic side effects.

Risks : If your little one has retinoblastoma, especially the hereditary kind, there is a greater chance that in later years he or she might develop second cancer. These cancers are often not connected to the eye, and might affect any organ body organ, but especially the skin, bone, or soft tissue.

Learn more about Retinoblastoma

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