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Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders in Europe

Hospitals, clinics and medical centers in Europe treating Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders.

Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Quirón has an internationally prestigious medical staff, the largest in the sector, and is also the principal hospital network in terms of patient numbers and care facility area. The group administers 38 healthcare centers, more than 2,864 hospital beds and 7,500 associate doctors.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Grupo Hospitalario Quirón

Medipol Mega University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Medipol Mega Hospital Complex is a modern medical facility with four specialist hospitals and an extensive selection of high caliber medical devices available for use. The hospital provides treatments in a wide variety of medical fields in its 470 bed facility.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Medipol Mega University Hospital

Anadolu Medical Center, Turkey

Anadolu Medical Center is one of the most modern, comprehensive and respected hospitals in Turkey. Anadolu is affiliated with John Hopkins Hospital.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Anadolu Medical Center

Klinikum Stuttgart

One of Germany's largest hospitals, made up of more than 50 clinics and specialist institutes spanning all medical specialties. Kinikum Stuttgart is regarded as one of the best hospitals in Germany, and is a referral center for oncology, ENT, pediatrics and more.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Klinikum Stuttgart

University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf

Established in 1884, the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf underwent full modernization in 2009 and emerged as the most innovative European hospital. Its dedicated International Office supports roundabout 1,000 foreign patients a year.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf

Florence Nightingale Istanbul Hospital

Şişli Florence Nightingale Hospital is one of the few leading health care institutions, which combines state-of-the-art medical technologies with a large and experienced team and the excellent service approach adopted in all of its operations.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Florence Nightingale Istanbul Hospital

Istanbul Memorial Hospital

Was the first hospital in Turkey to receive the JCI accreditation. It is also a member of the American Hospital Association (AHA).


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Istanbul Memorial Hospital

Hospital Quirón Valencia

Quirón Hospital of Valencia is ranked as one of the best private schools in Spain, winning nine times in the TOP 20 award in recognition of its management and quality of care.


Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders is treated at Hospital Quirón Valencia

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About Acral and Microcirculatory Disorders

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.

Acral and microcirculatory disorders

Acral disorder is a skin condition that entails painless peeling of the epidermis (top skin surface). The word acral is used because most of the skin peeling occurs on the feet and palms. The flaking may also happen on the legs and arms but in rare conditions. Acral disorder is observed from the time of birth although it may also develop as the child grows or even at an elderly age. The disorder is worsened by exposure to high humidity, moisture, and heat. The peeling skin is usually red in color and itching may be experienced. Acral syndrome is not caused by any other health complications.

Microcirculatory disorder, on the other hand, is a series of independent abnormalities of the blood, vascular walls, and interstitial fluids and cells that do not cause microcirculatory disorders, but play a vital role in complicating them.

Causes of acral and microcirculatory disorder

The known main cause of acral and microcirculatory disorders are changes in the genetic composition of certain genes in the body. Most of the conditions are hereditary and are passed on from one generation to another. An increase in the blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose in the blood are also minor causes of the disorders.

Common types of microcirculatory disorders

  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation- This disorder involves clotting of blood in the capillaries. The blood does not supply the required oxygen plus other nutrients.
  • Raynaud’s disease- Entails constriction of the capillaries in the toes and fingers of an individual during cold spells.
  • Buerger’s disease- This condition involves swelling of the capillaries which lead to blockage of the other blood vessels. Consequently, the blood circulation is adversely affected.
  • Erythromelalgia- This disorder affects the legs and hands mostly and involves a burning sensation and swelling.

Signs and symptoms

Acral and microcirculatory disorders usually manifest various signs and symptoms the first stages. Some of these signs are listed below

  • Dry and thick skin
  • Peeling off of the upper skin surface
  • Skin itching
  • Minor blistering on the hands
  • Arms and leg swelling
  • Slight bleeding on blistered parts

Diagnosis of the disorders

A physical examination by the doctor is the best way to diagnose acral and microcirculatory disorders. The examination mainly involves checking the blood flow in your legs and arms. However, a careful view of your family history may also come in handy, since these disorders are mostly hereditary. If any of the mentioned signs occur to you, it is advisable to seek medical attention immediately.

What are the treatment options available?

Treatment varies according to the type of disorder suffered by an individual. If these disorders are not curbed, they may develop into fatal complications that may lead to death. There are, however, a number of common treatments across all these disorders and they include:

  • Regular simple physical activities
  • Reducing cholesterol levels in the blood
  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Minimizing the level of blood glucose
  • Individuals with any of these disorders should shun smoking

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