About Rhinology & Sinus Surgery
This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.
What is Rhinology and sinus surgery?
This is a subspecialty that deals with nasal and sinus problems. These include common problems such as allergies, sinusitis, and nasal obstruction. Less common problems include tumors of the anterior skull base and of the sinuses.
Having this surgery may be the only means to get a badly blocked or infected sinus to drain properly. However, surgery does not always cure sinusitis. Some people may require a second surgery. The surgery is usually successful when combined with medicines such as antibiotics and home treatments to prevent the sinusitis from recurring.What is the aim of the surgery?
The goal of having this surgery is to improve the sinuses drainage usually by draining the mucus and removing the blockage. This may involve removing:Indications for sinus surgery
- Infected, damaged or swollen tissue
- Bone, to create a bigger opening for drainage of mucus from the sinuses
- Polyps (growths) inside the sinuses or nose
- A foreign object that is blocking a nasal or sinus passage.
Types of sinus surgery
- If you have chronic sinusitis.
- If you have followed ‘maximum medical treatment’ for 4-6 weeks. This treatment includes. A steroid nasal sprays, antibiotics and other prescribed medications
- If after 4-6 weeks of treatment a CT scan shows the presence of nasal polyps
When to call the doctor
- Endoscopic surgery: The doctor uses an endoscope (a thin lighted tool) to remove growths or small amounts of bone or material blocking the sinus openings. The endoscope is inserted through the nose to help the doctor see and remove any obstructions. Endoscopic techniques allow for better and more precise visualizations. They also eliminate the need for external incisions. As a result, there is less, bleeding, swelling and discomfort and recovery from the surgery is fast.
- Sinus surgery: This is done when there is an occurrence of complications from sinusitis. These include infection f the facial bones, development of pus in a sinus or brain abscess. The doctor makes an incision from inside the mouth or through the facial skin. Sinus surgery involves removing diseased tissue as well as rerouting the existing sinus pathways.
- Excessive bleeding
- Fever greater than 38.6C (101.5F) that persists
- Sharp pain or a headache that is unresponsive to medications
- Increased swelling of the eyes or nose
- Thin clear fluid draining from the nose
Risks : -Chronic nasal drainage.
-Excessive dryness or crusting of the nose.
-Need for allergy evaluation, environmental controls or treatments.
-Damage to the eye and associated structures.
-Damage to the skull base.
-Permanent numbness of the face, palate or upper teeth.
-Failure to control infection or polyps can lead to nasal obstruction.
-Impaired healing, prolonged pain and the need for hospitalization.
-Recurrence of sinus problems or polyps.
-Failure to improve or resolve concurrent respiratory illness such as a cough, asthma or bronchitis.
-Failure to resolve associated nasal or sinus headaches. The exact cause of the headaches can be difficult to determine and may have many various causes that are not sinus-related.
-Worsening or failure to restore the sense of smell or taste.
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