About Pediatric Anesthesiology
This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.
What is pediatric anesthesiology?
This is a subspecialty of medicine that focuses on the general anesthesia, sedation and pain management needs of toddlers and adolescents.What is a Pediatric Anesthesiologist?
This is a medical doctor who has special training in general anesthesia, sedation and pain management of infants, children, and adolescents. Their expertise makes them specially qualified to treat children and make the hospital experience as comfortable and pleasant as possible. They assist in managing your child’s anxiety before surgery and pain after surgery. They also assist in some procedures that require the child to be under general anesthesia or sedated.
Most pediatric surgeons deliver care to children alongside a pediatric anesthesiologist. Children who require surgery or other procedure have complex medical problems, which also affect other parts of the body. A pediatric anesthesiologist has the expertise needed to accurately evaluate the problems and decide on the safest anesthetic for the child.Training
Pediatric anesthesiologists are medical physicians who have had at least 4 years o medical school, one-year internship in anesthesiology, 3 years of residency in anesthesiology and additional training in pediatric anesthesiology. They choose to make pediatric care their main practice and this gives them the experience to treat children.Treatments provided include:
Why does my child need to be sedated for nonsurgical procedures?
- Planning of anesthesiological care before, during and after surgery.
- Evaluation of medical problems in children when surgery is required.
- Providing anesthesia care during surgical procedures
- Pain control and management after surgery
- Anesthesia care and sedation for procedures such as CT scan MRI and radiation therapy.
- Fostering a relaxed environment for children in the operating room.
Some medical procedures require the child to be completely still such as the MRI. This is to ensure accuracy. The machines may make the child feel threatened or claustrophobic. Moreover, the procedure may take some time and the child will need to be sedated so that they can relax and be still.Why can't my child eat or drink before anesthesia?
Sedative medications and anesthesia cause the muscles to relax including the stomach, esophagus and throat muscles. This may allow stomach contents to come up into the throat and they may get to the windpipe or lungs which can cause serious lung infections.Risks of Anesthesia
Anesthesia is usually used to take away the pain and discomfort during and after surgery. Parents are concerned about the harm that anesthesia may cause to their children. The risk varies depending on the type of surgical procedure, the age of the child and if there other existing problems or illnesses. In addition, each anesthesia has a specific set of risks associated with it. The benefits should be weighed against the risks.
Risks : Adverse effects: This is an unexpected or unintended result of the drug or treatment. Although adverse effects are rare, they may occur. They include
• Croup (swelling of the windpipe)
• Dental trauma
• Allergic reactions to latex products or drugs
• Vocal cord spasms
• Aspiration pneumonia
Side effects: These are unwanted or secondary effects of a drug or treatment. Side effects of anesthesia can be anticipated but may be unavoidable. Most side effects wear off or can be easily treated. They include:
• Sore throat
• Blood pressure alterations
• Irregular heart rhythms
• Aches and pains
• Agitation upon waking up from anesthesia
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