Search Medical Centers

Treatment of Cystic Diseases of the Kidney in Gujarat

Hospitals and medical centers in Gujarat, India who treat Cystic Diseases of the Kidney.
Browse by city:

No results found for Cystic Diseases of the Kidney in Gujarat, India

You can try these options:

About Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

This information is intended for general information only and should not be considered as medical advice on the part of Health-Tourism.com. Any decision on medical treatments, after-care or recovery should be done solely upon proper consultation and advice of a qualified physician.


What is cystic kidney disease?

This is a disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys. Cysts are noncancerous round sacs containing water-like fluid which vary in size. As they accumulate more fluid, they can grow very large. Depending on the disease classification, the presentation of the disease may be from birth, or much later into adult life. This disease may involve either one or both kidneys and may or may not occur in the presence of other anomalies. A higher rate of cystic kidney disease is found in the male population and prevalence increases with age.


Types of cystic kidney disease

Of the cystic kidney diseases, the most common is polycystic kidney disease. This is further sub-classified into two sub-types:

  • Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD): This form of the disease is often diagnosed in infants and young children.
  • Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD): This form of the disease is primarily diagnosed in adulthood.

Signs and symptoms
    It is very common to have cystic kidney disease for years without knowing it because it is asymptomatic. Symptoms may include:
  • High blood pressure
  • Increase in the size of your abdomen
  • Frequent urination
  • Kidney failure
  • Blood in your urine
  • Urinary tract or kidney infections
  • When to see a doctor
  • Back or side pain
  • Headache
  • Kidney stones

Diagnosis
    Certain tests can be used to detect the size and number of kidney cysts present. They can also be used to evaluate the amount of healthy kidney tissue. They include:
  • Ultrasound exam: A device called a transducer is placed on your body. It emits inaudible sound waves that are reflected back to the transducer. A computer then translates the reflected sound waves into images of your kidneys.
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan: This test is used to see cross-sectional images of your kidneys by a device that projects very thin X-ray beams through your body.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan: This test uses magnetic fields and radio waves to generate cross-sectional views of your kidneys.

Treatment
    There are no specific medical therapies available for the renal cysts themselves, and effective means of preventing the disease have not yet been identified. Therefore, complications of cystic renal diseases, such as hypertension, renal salt wasting, nephrolithiasis, infection, and pain are treated with standard medical therapy.
  • High blood pressure: High blood pressure can be controlled through lifestyle changes such as combining a low-fat, low-sodium diet that is moderate in protein and calorie content, increasing exercise, reducing stress and not smoking. Medications are also usually needed to control high blood pressure.
  • Pain: This is often controlled with over-the-counter pain medications.
  • Complications of cysts: Surgery may be done to drain the cysts.
  • Bladder or kidney infections: These should be promptly treated with antibiotics.
  • Blood in the urine: Drinking lots of fluids helps to dilute the urine.
  • Kidney failure: This is treated with either dialysis or a kidney transplant.
  • Liver cysts: Surgery for liver transplant or even removal of part of your may be performed.
  • Aneurysms: These are usually treated with surgery.

Learn more about Cystic Diseases of the Kidney

Browse by country

Copyright © 2008 - 2016 Health-Tourism.com, All Rights Reserved