||1973-1979 Specialization in Cardiology, Hadassah University Hospital and Shaare Zedek Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.
1979-1980 Military Service.
1980-1982 Senior Physician, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Department of Cardiology
1982-1984 Post Doctoral Fellow, Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Stanford University Hospital, Stanford - California - USA.
1984-1991 Senior Physician, Director of Echocardiographic Service, Department of Cardiology, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem
1991–1999 Associate Director, Department of Cardiology, Director Echocardiographic Service, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem.
1993-1994 Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Stanford University Hospital, Stanford, California USA.
1999 - 2007 Director, Department of Cardiology, Bikur Cholim Hospital, Jerusalem, affiliated with the Hebrew University - Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem.
2007 - Director, Heart Failure and Heart Muscle Disease Center, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel
1980 Lecturer in Medicine, Hebrew University, and Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem.
1982 Senior Lecturer in Medicine (Cardiology), Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
1989 Associate Professor of Medicine (Cardiology), Hebrew University and Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem.
1993-1994 Visiting Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology,
||1971 MD License No. 89906, University of Tirgu-Mures, Romania
1973 MD License No. 10150 - Israel
1979 License of Specialist in Cardiology No. 6328 - Israel
1979 ECFMG License No. 297-730-4, USA; VQE same license no, 1980;
2006 GMC License No 6139811, Cardiology, United Kingdom, fully registered medical practitioner with specialist registration
||1979 Fellow of International Society of Cardiology.
1983 Fogarty International Fellowship, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.
1985 Fellow of the American Society of Echocardiography.
1988-2007 Co-Chairman of Jerusalem Heart Society.
1989-90 Member of the Executive Board of Israel Heart Society.
1989-1999 Member of the Admission Committee, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School
1990-1993 Member of the National Standardization Committee for Internal Medicine Examinations of Israeli Medical Schools
1990-present Chairman of the Israeli Medical Schools' Committee of "Stanford Fellowship for Israeli Physicians"
1991 Fellow of the American College of Cardiology.
1992-present Member of Editorial Board, "Non-Invasive Cardiology", Syme