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What is Hemorrhoid Surgery?
Hemorrhoid surgery (hemorrhoidectomy) is a surgical procedure that is performed to remove hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins surrounding the anus. They occur inside or outside the skin of the rectum. As the surgical site is very sensitive area, hemorrhoid surgery causes a lot of pain.
How is Hemorrhoid Surgery Performed?
Hemorrhoid surgery may be performed in different ways; some of the methods are listed below:
How to Prepare for Hemorrhoid Surgery?
- Rubber band ligation
This procedure involves tying a rubber hand over internal hemorrhoids that obtrude during bowel moments. The blood supply is cut off by the rubber band. Within a few days after this procedure, the rubber band and the hemorrhoid will fall off. In a couple of weeks, the wound will heal. The patient may experience mild pain and bleeding.
In this procedure, a chemical solution is injected into the blood vessels around the hemorrhoid to shrink it. It is effective in treating non-protruding hemorrhoids that bleed.
- Infrared coagulation
Infrared coagulation is also an effective treatment for non-protruding hemorrhoids that bleed. In this procedure, a special device that uses heat is applied in the treatment of hemorrhoids.
- Surgical resection
Incisions are made around the anus to cut the hemorrhoids out. Special staplers or sutures may be used during the surgery.
- The patient should inform the doctor about any medical ailments or conditions such as heart disease, diabetes or pregnancy.
- The patient should tell the doctor about any drugs that the patient may be taking with or without a prescription.
- Some types of medications that the patient may be taking are stopped some days before the surgery.
Hemorrhoid surgery is usually done as an outpatient procedure
Local or general anesthesia
- Hemorrhoid surgery is an effective form of treatment for hemorrhoids. However, after the surgery, the patient should eat a high fiber diet and maintain good hygiene to avoid recurrence of hemorrhoids.
- Pain medications may be prescribed to relieve post operative pain.
- The patient can recover in two weeks after the surgery.
- Adverse reaction to medications
- Breathing problems
- Urinating problems
- Fecal incontinence
- Postoperative pain
- Anal stenosis
- Recurrence of hemorrhoids
- The patient should drink six to eight glasses of water per day to avoid constipation.
- The patient may also need to take fiber supplements.
- The patient should not involve in lifting heavy objects and other strenuous activities until the wound has healed.
- The patient may need to take sitz baths, which involves sitting in warm water for a few times in a day.
Learn more about Hemorrhoids Treatment